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The conspiracy theory meme as a tool of cultural hegemony: a critical discourse analysis

Conspiracy theory is a popular meme that is a tool of cultural hegemony, introduced into mainstream circulation by the CIA. It is actively used by agents of Greyface in attempts to discredit information that challenges their authorities.

Functional purpose[]

The intelligence community and other state agents use the mainstream media to limit and control public discourse. Those who challenge the official versions of significant events are often labelled conspirologists and their proposed alternative explanations are called conspiracy theories. These labels are often intended to dismiss the beliefs of those who question the prevailing potential control over what people believe. The concept of conspiracy theory functions as an obstacle to legitimate discursive consideration of conspiracy suspicions. The labelling effect, restricts even the most respected thinkers. This obstacle is particularly problematic in academia, where careful, objective analysis of information is critical to uncovering the truth, and where academics are generally considered among the most important authorities in all fields of knowledge.

The use of the terms "conspiracy theory", "conspirology", "conspiracy theorist", etc. in pejorative meanings, was originally intended to block critical thinking, analysis and challenge to authority. Greyface's agents were instrumental in creating the pejorative meme "conspiracy theorist," and the use of this pejorative term continues by modern media. The phrase "conspiracy theorist" has become a powerful tool of hegemony against those who challenge the authority and powerful people and institutions.

History of origin[]

The term "conspiracy theory" is commonly used by government agencies, mainstream media and useful idiots to ignore hard evidence or viewpoints that contradict the official versions. This method was not used as intensively in the past as it is today. The term was not coined by the CIA, but it came into active use after the assassination of John F. Kennedy to suppress meaningful national debate on the subject. Published by the New York Times, CIA memo 1035-960, outlines strategies for neutralising criticism of the Warren Commission. And in particular, the media and books were encouraged to use the charge of "conspiracy theory" with a negative connotation. This was done with the use of CIA puppets in the media. So "conspiracy theory" became a pejorative term.

Methods of Use[]

CIA DOC 1035-960 0003

CIA DOC 1035 960 page 2

Fragments of the instruction manual with guidelines for the use of this meme by agents of Greyface:

In private to media discussions not directed at any particular writer, or in attacking publications which may be yet forthcoming, the following arguments should be useful:

a. No significant new evidence has emerged which the Commission did not consider.

b. Critics usually overvalue particular items and ignore others. They tend to place more emphasis on the recollections of individual witnesses (which are less reliable and more divergent–and hence offer more hand-holds for criticism) …

c. Conspiracy on the large scale often suggested would be impossible to conceal in the United States, esp. since informants could expect to receive large royalties, etc.

d. Critics have often been enticed by a form of intellectual pride: they light on some theory and fall in love with it; they also scoff at the Commission because it did not always answer every question with a flat decision one way or the other.

f. As to charges that the Commission’s report was a rush job, it emerged three months after the deadline originally set. But to the degree that the Commission tried to speed up its reporting, this was largely due to the pressure of irresponsible speculation already appearing, in some cases coming from the same critics who, refusing to admit their errors, are now putting out new criticisms.

g. Such vague accusations as that “more than ten people have died mysteriously” can always be explained in some natural way …

Popular Conspiracy Theories[]

External links[]

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